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authorFilippo Giunchedi <filippo@esaurito.net>2009-10-04 15:49:34 (GMT)
committer Filippo Giunchedi <filippo@esaurito.net>2009-10-04 15:49:34 (GMT)
commitd231fae598dc336f4b3ac8f0add030ce9cd59c3d (patch)
treebaef6de74e0dce0fd46d62ea9556ea967e485b36
parent555fe1a2e6d94efbade1988f9f3dca9729af7bdc (diff)
updated generic INSTALL
-rw-r--r--INSTALL240
1 files changed, 180 insertions, 60 deletions
diff --git a/INSTALL b/INSTALL
index b42a17a..2550dab 100644
--- a/INSTALL
+++ b/INSTALL
@@ -1,38 +1,54 @@
+Installation Instructions
+*************************
+
+Copyright (C) 1994, 1995, 1996, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2004, 2005,
+2006, 2007, 2008, 2009 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
+
+ This file is free documentation; the Free Software Foundation gives
+unlimited permission to copy, distribute and modify it.
+
Basic Installation
==================
- These are generic installation instructions.
+ Briefly, the shell commands `./configure; make; make install' should
+configure, build, and install this package. The following
+more-detailed instructions are generic; see the `README' file for
+instructions specific to this package.
The `configure' shell script attempts to guess correct values for
various system-dependent variables used during compilation. It uses
those values to create a `Makefile' in each directory of the package.
It may also create one or more `.h' files containing system-dependent
definitions. Finally, it creates a shell script `config.status' that
-you can run in the future to recreate the current configuration, a file
-`config.cache' that saves the results of its tests to speed up
-reconfiguring, and a file `config.log' containing compiler output
-(useful mainly for debugging `configure').
+you can run in the future to recreate the current configuration, and a
+file `config.log' containing compiler output (useful mainly for
+debugging `configure').
+
+ It can also use an optional file (typically called `config.cache'
+and enabled with `--cache-file=config.cache' or simply `-C') that saves
+the results of its tests to speed up reconfiguring. Caching is
+disabled by default to prevent problems with accidental use of stale
+cache files.
If you need to do unusual things to compile the package, please try
to figure out how `configure' could check whether to do them, and mail
diffs or instructions to the address given in the `README' so they can
-be considered for the next release. If at some point `config.cache'
-contains results you don't want to keep, you may remove or edit it.
+be considered for the next release. If you are using the cache, and at
+some point `config.cache' contains results you don't want to keep, you
+may remove or edit it.
- The file `configure.in' is used to create `configure' by a program
-called `autoconf'. You only need `configure.in' if you want to change
-it or regenerate `configure' using a newer version of `autoconf'.
+ The file `configure.ac' (or `configure.in') is used to create
+`configure' by a program called `autoconf'. You need `configure.ac' if
+you want to change it or regenerate `configure' using a newer version
+of `autoconf'.
The simplest way to compile this package is:
1. `cd' to the directory containing the package's source code and type
- `./configure' to configure the package for your system. If you're
- using `csh' on an old version of System V, you might need to type
- `sh ./configure' instead to prevent `csh' from trying to execute
- `configure' itself.
+ `./configure' to configure the package for your system.
- Running `configure' takes awhile. While running, it prints some
- messages telling which features it is checking for.
+ Running `configure' might take a while. While running, it prints
+ some messages telling which features it is checking for.
2. Type `make' to compile the package.
@@ -51,52 +67,69 @@ The simplest way to compile this package is:
all sorts of other programs in order to regenerate files that came
with the distribution.
+ 6. Often, you can also type `make uninstall' to remove the installed
+ files again.
+
Compilers and Options
=====================
Some systems require unusual options for compilation or linking that
-the `configure' script does not know about. You can give `configure'
-initial values for variables by setting them in the environment. Using
-a Bourne-compatible shell, you can do that on the command line like
-this:
- CC=c89 CFLAGS=-O2 LIBS=-lposix ./configure
+the `configure' script does not know about. Run `./configure --help'
+for details on some of the pertinent environment variables.
-Or on systems that have the `env' program, you can do it like this:
- env CPPFLAGS=-I/usr/local/include LDFLAGS=-s ./configure
+ You can give `configure' initial values for configuration parameters
+by setting variables in the command line or in the environment. Here
+is an example:
+
+ ./configure CC=c99 CFLAGS=-g LIBS=-lposix
+
+ *Note Defining Variables::, for more details.
Compiling For Multiple Architectures
====================================
You can compile the package for more than one kind of computer at the
same time, by placing the object files for each architecture in their
-own directory. To do this, you must use a version of `make' that
-supports the `VPATH' variable, such as GNU `make'. `cd' to the
+own directory. To do this, you can use GNU `make'. `cd' to the
directory where you want the object files and executables to go and run
the `configure' script. `configure' automatically checks for the
source code in the directory that `configure' is in and in `..'.
- If you have to use a `make' that does not supports the `VPATH'
-variable, you have to compile the package for one architecture at a time
-in the source code directory. After you have installed the package for
-one architecture, use `make distclean' before reconfiguring for another
-architecture.
+ With a non-GNU `make', it is safer to compile the package for one
+architecture at a time in the source code directory. After you have
+installed the package for one architecture, use `make distclean' before
+reconfiguring for another architecture.
+
+ On MacOS X 10.5 and later systems, you can create libraries and
+executables that work on multiple system types--known as "fat" or
+"universal" binaries--by specifying multiple `-arch' options to the
+compiler but only a single `-arch' option to the preprocessor. Like
+this:
+
+ ./configure CC="gcc -arch i386 -arch x86_64 -arch ppc -arch ppc64" \
+ CXX="g++ -arch i386 -arch x86_64 -arch ppc -arch ppc64" \
+ CPP="gcc -E" CXXCPP="g++ -E"
+
+ This is not guaranteed to produce working output in all cases, you
+may have to build one architecture at a time and combine the results
+using the `lipo' tool if you have problems.
Installation Names
==================
- By default, `make install' will install the package's files in
-`/usr/local/bin', `/usr/local/man', etc. You can specify an
-installation prefix other than `/usr/local' by giving `configure' the
-option `--prefix=PATH'.
+ By default, `make install' installs the package's commands under
+`/usr/local/bin', include files under `/usr/local/include', etc. You
+can specify an installation prefix other than `/usr/local' by giving
+`configure' the option `--prefix=PREFIX'.
You can specify separate installation prefixes for
architecture-specific files and architecture-independent files. If you
-give `configure' the option `--exec-prefix=PATH', the package will use
-PATH as the prefix for installing programs and libraries.
-Documentation and other data files will still use the regular prefix.
+pass the option `--exec-prefix=PREFIX' to `configure', the package uses
+PREFIX as the prefix for installing programs and libraries.
+Documentation and other data files still use the regular prefix.
In addition, if you use an unusual directory layout you can give
-options like `--bindir=PATH' to specify different values for particular
+options like `--bindir=DIR' to specify different values for particular
kinds of files. Run `configure --help' for a list of the directories
you can set and what kinds of files go in them.
@@ -119,25 +152,68 @@ find the X include and library files automatically, but if it doesn't,
you can use the `configure' options `--x-includes=DIR' and
`--x-libraries=DIR' to specify their locations.
+Particular systems
+==================
+
+ On HP-UX, the default C compiler is not ANSI C compatible. If GNU
+CC is not installed, it is recommended to use the following options in
+order to use an ANSI C compiler:
+
+ ./configure CC="cc -Ae -D_XOPEN_SOURCE=500"
+
+and if that doesn't work, install pre-built binaries of GCC for HP-UX.
+
+ On OSF/1 a.k.a. Tru64, some versions of the default C compiler cannot
+parse its `<wchar.h>' header file. The option `-nodtk' can be used as
+a workaround. If GNU CC is not installed, it is therefore recommended
+to try
+
+ ./configure CC="cc"
+
+and if that doesn't work, try
+
+ ./configure CC="cc -nodtk"
+
+ On Solaris, don't put `/usr/ucb' early in your `PATH'. This
+directory contains several dysfunctional programs; working variants of
+these programs are available in `/usr/bin'. So, if you need `/usr/ucb'
+in your `PATH', put it _after_ `/usr/bin'.
+
+ On Haiku, software installed for all users goes in `/boot/common',
+not `/usr/local'. It is recommended to use the following options:
+
+ ./configure --prefix=/boot/common
+
Specifying the System Type
==========================
- There may be some features `configure' can not figure out
-automatically, but needs to determine by the type of host the package
-will run on. Usually `configure' can figure that out, but if it prints
-a message saying it can not guess the host type, give it the
-`--host=TYPE' option. TYPE can either be a short name for the system
-type, such as `sun4', or a canonical name with three fields:
+ There may be some features `configure' cannot figure out
+automatically, but needs to determine by the type of machine the package
+will run on. Usually, assuming the package is built to be run on the
+_same_ architectures, `configure' can figure that out, but if it prints
+a message saying it cannot guess the machine type, give it the
+`--build=TYPE' option. TYPE can either be a short name for the system
+type, such as `sun4', or a canonical name which has the form:
+
CPU-COMPANY-SYSTEM
-See the file `config.sub' for the possible values of each field. If
+where SYSTEM can have one of these forms:
+
+ OS
+ KERNEL-OS
+
+ See the file `config.sub' for the possible values of each field. If
`config.sub' isn't included in this package, then this package doesn't
-need to know the host type.
+need to know the machine type.
- If you are building compiler tools for cross-compiling, you can also
-use the `--target=TYPE' option to select the type of system they will
-produce code for and the `--build=TYPE' option to select the type of
-system on which you are compiling the package.
+ If you are _building_ compiler tools for cross-compiling, you should
+use the option `--target=TYPE' to select the type of system they will
+produce code for.
+
+ If you want to _use_ a cross compiler, that generates code for a
+platform different from the build platform, you should specify the
+"host" platform (i.e., that on which the generated programs will
+eventually be run) with `--host=TYPE'.
Sharing Defaults
================
@@ -150,19 +226,55 @@ default values for variables like `CC', `cache_file', and `prefix'.
`CONFIG_SITE' environment variable to the location of the site script.
A warning: not all `configure' scripts look for a site script.
-Operation Controls
+Defining Variables
==================
+ Variables not defined in a site shell script can be set in the
+environment passed to `configure'. However, some packages may run
+configure again during the build, and the customized values of these
+variables may be lost. In order to avoid this problem, you should set
+them in the `configure' command line, using `VAR=value'. For example:
+
+ ./configure CC=/usr/local2/bin/gcc
+
+causes the specified `gcc' to be used as the C compiler (unless it is
+overridden in the site shell script).
+
+Unfortunately, this technique does not work for `CONFIG_SHELL' due to
+an Autoconf bug. Until the bug is fixed you can use this workaround:
+
+ CONFIG_SHELL=/bin/bash /bin/bash ./configure CONFIG_SHELL=/bin/bash
+
+`configure' Invocation
+======================
+
`configure' recognizes the following options to control how it
operates.
+`--help'
+`-h'
+ Print a summary of all of the options to `configure', and exit.
+
+`--help=short'
+`--help=recursive'
+ Print a summary of the options unique to this package's
+ `configure', and exit. The `short' variant lists options used
+ only in the top level, while the `recursive' variant lists options
+ also present in any nested packages.
+
+`--version'
+`-V'
+ Print the version of Autoconf used to generate the `configure'
+ script, and exit.
+
`--cache-file=FILE'
- Use and save the results of the tests in FILE instead of
- `./config.cache'. Set FILE to `/dev/null' to disable caching, for
- debugging `configure'.
+ Enable the cache: use and save the results of the tests in FILE,
+ traditionally `config.cache'. FILE defaults to `/dev/null' to
+ disable caching.
-`--help'
- Print a summary of the options to `configure', and exit.
+`--config-cache'
+`-C'
+ Alias for `--cache-file=config.cache'.
`--quiet'
`--silent'
@@ -175,8 +287,16 @@ operates.
Look for the package's source code in directory DIR. Usually
`configure' can determine that directory automatically.
-`--version'
- Print the version of Autoconf used to generate the `configure'
- script, and exit.
+`--prefix=DIR'
+ Use DIR as the installation prefix. *Note Installation Names::
+ for more details, including other options available for fine-tuning
+ the installation locations.
+
+`--no-create'
+`-n'
+ Run the configure checks, but stop before creating any output
+ files.
+
+`configure' also accepts some other, not widely useful, options. Run
+`configure --help' for more details.
-`configure' also accepts some other, not widely useful, options.